Accelerating digitalisation: IAPH-World Bank report
On 21 January, the World Bank and IAPH presented a new report which shows that better digital collaboration between private and public entities across the maritime supply chain will result in significant efficiency gains, safer and more resilient supply chains, and lower emissions. Digitalising the sector would bring wide-ranging economic benefits and contribute to a stronger, more sustainable recovery. Accelerating Digitalization: Critical Actions to Strengthen the Resilience of the Maritime Supply Chain describes how collaborative use of digital technology can help streamline all aspects of maritime transport, from cross-border processes and documentation to communications between ship and shore, with a special focus on ports. The COVID-19 crisis has evidenced a key benefit of digitising waterborne and landside operations: meeting the urgent needs to minimise human interaction and enhance the resilience of supply chains against future crises. The report was published together with the findings of a recent IAPH survey on the implementation of the requirements under the IMO Facilitation (FAL) Convention to introduce electronic information exchange between ships and ports to facilitate clearance processes, which is mandatory since April 2019. The survey reveals that only a third of over 100 responding ports comply with that requirement. The main barriers to digitalise cited by the ports were the legal framework in their countries or regions and persuading the multiple private-public stakeholders to collaborate, not the technology.